27 Jul

MoTe2 Raman spectrum

Raman MoTe2

Yet another member of the two-dimensional family is molybdenum ditelluride. Like its other transition metal dichalcogenide siblings, MoTe2 is a semiconductor and when exfoliated to a monolayer shows a direct band gap of approximately 1.1 eV. In this article, we discuss the MoTe2 Raman spectrum.

The MoTe2 Raman spectrum shows a single prominent peak at approximately 233cm-1, corresponding to an in-plane E12d mode. The intensity of this mode increases with decreasing thickness.

The other two modes visible are one at 173cm-1, corresponding to an out-of-plane A1g and at 289cm-1, corresponding to an B12g mode.

Further information:

  1. Get a quote for MoTe2 crystals
  2. Recently published papers on MoTe2
19 Jul

Manchester Nanomaterials exhibits at MOSI

We are excited to announce that some of our 2D single crystals will be part of the upcoming exhibition at the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry (MOSI) in the UK.

MOSI is a museum devoted to the development of science, technology and industry with emphasis on the city’s achievements in these fields.

The exhibition, entitled “Wonder Materials: Graphene and Beyond” is set to begin on the 23rd of July 2016 and will look at the history behind the making of graphene, first isolated and characterised at the University of Manchester, as well as the pipeline of applications that this wonder materials has in store for us.

While the exhibition runs, some of our crystals, including hexagonal boron nitride and arsenic sulfide, will be on display, vividly displaying the range of properties that two-dimensional materials have to offer.

23 Mar

Manchester Nanomaterials sponsors Graphene NOWNANO Conference CDT 2016

We are excited to announce that we are sponsoring this year’s “Graphene NOWNANO Summer Conference 2016”.

This yearly event is organized by PhD students which are part of the North-West Centre for Doctoral Training for Graphene and Nanoscience, which includes the Universities of Manchester and Lancaster.

As part of the conference there, PhD scientists from four different cohorts have the opportunity to present their research and interact with leading academics.

The event also has notable invited speakers and we are, therefore particularly honoured to have the opportunity to inspire the future generation of scientists and engineers.


04 Feb

Synthetic MoS2 single crystal

Today we are launching another highly sought after single crystal.

Molybdenum disulfide has long been our flagship product – this transitional metal dichalcogenide has excited scientists in the two-dimensional field since its initial exfoliation and has continues to mesmerise us with applications in low power electronics, filtration and many more.

So, we recognise that having commercially available synthetic (not natural) MoS2 is critical for understanding this material – so Manchester Nanomaterials today announces just that: synthetic molybdenum disulfide crystals.

You may visit our shop for further details and pricing.

02 Feb

MoS2 tunable band gap

A team of researchers from Purdue University and Global Foundries semiconductor foundry, led by Associate Professor Zhihong Chen write in Nano Letters regarding the band gap tenability of bilayer MoS2.

Why bilayer MoS2

It is well known that bilayer graphene has a tunable band gap, in the range of 0-300meV. However this band gap is a limitation for mid-infrared range applications which require larger gaps. On the contrary, TMDC demonstrate sizeable band gaps with many in the infrared to visible range. The paper, entitled “Electrically tunable bandgaps in bilayer MoS2” provides the experimental verification of continually tunable bandgap in bilayer MoS2 by means of a dual-gated transistor geometry.

Transport measurements

Samples were mechanically exfoliated MoS2 flakes and bilayers were identified with Raman and AFM measurements. A HfO2 top gated was defined by atomic layer deposition. The high-κ dielectric enables sufficient hole current injection to the MoS2 layer which shows ambipolar behaviour. The band gap can then be extracted by taking into consideration the applied electric field, the threshold voltages when the Fermi level enters the conduction or valence bands and the applied electrical bias. For monolayer MoS2, no changes are observed for the band gap, but for bilayer it was found that there is a reduction of 260meV per 1/Vnm displacement field.

Optical measurements

Such tunable bang gaps may also be optically verified from the photoluminescence spectrums. In order to allow optical access to the MoS2 flake graphene, instead of metal, was used as a top contact. In agreement with the transport measurements, A exciton peak at 1.83eV, changes its possible as the top gate is sweeped. Finally, density functional calculations complete the set by providing excellent agreement between transport, optical measurements and simulations.
Such bandgap tuning of TMDC can be immensely useful in electronic and optoelectronic applications, however, large area, controllable, low-temperature and self-limiting growth of bilayer MoS2 graphene remains to be addressed before MoS2 can realise its full potential.

  1. Read more: “Electrically tunable bandgaps in bilayer MoS2” Nano Letters Chu et Al.
  2. Recent papers on MoS2 http://2dresearch.com/tag/mos2/
  3. Get a quote for MoS2 single crystals.
26 Nov

Superacid makes brighter MoS2

Writing in Science, a group of scientists led by Berkeley professor Ali Javey report on significant improvement of quantum yield (QY) of monolayers of MoS2 when coated with the superacid bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (TFSI).

More Light

Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides have been steadily attracting increasing attention in field-effect devices as well as in optical devices. This is due to their sizeable band gap which typically lie in the 1-2 eV range. However, they have been traditionally lacking in terms of their quantum yield, i.e. the number of photons emitted per photons absorbed, which is an important figure of merit for optoelectronic devices.  The paper described a technique which improved the quantum yield to near unity.

Soak and bake MoS2

The procedure is surprisingly simple: A 2g/L solution of the superacid TFSI is prepared in 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), which is further diluted to 0.2g/L by either DCE or 1,2-dichlorobenzene (DCB). The samples, which are exfoliated flakes on oxidized silicon substrates, are then immersed in this solution for 10 minutes on a hotplate set for 100°C. The resulting samples show improvement of QY from 0.6% to >95%, and a photoluminescence (PL) improvement of 130 times.

Hydrogen peroxide and toluene

It should be noted that earlier in September, another similar technique was published in RSC Advances, which coated flakes with a layer of hydrogen peroxide and toluene. This technique improved the PL by 30 times.

Further reading:

(1) Near-unity photoluminescence quantum yield in MoS2 Amani et al. Science 2015

(2) Tuning photoluminescence of single-layer MoS2 using H2O2  Su et al. RSC Advances 2015


28 Oct

Review article on atomically thin MoS2 and its applications in sensing


Writing in Nanoscale scientists from the universities in Singapore and China review the two-dimensional material molybdenum disulfide. The material has been extensively studied in the past five years since, unlike graphene, has a sizeable bandgap which make it attractive for applications in electronics. Through their exhaustive 40-page article, the authors provide an extensive MoS2 review: properties (electronic/mechanical), production techniques (mechanical/ liquid exfoliation/CVD).

Applications in sensing

Finally, the authors of the MoS2 review paper, place a strong focus on sensing applications and they review electrochemical sensing, FET sensing, fluorescent sensing, gas sensing and several other types of biosensing of this atomically thin MoS2 semiconductor.

We offer MoS2 single crystals

Don’t forget that Manchester Nanomaterials offer single crystals of MoS2 at our webshop! We deliver worldwide with 1-3 day delivery.

Further reading: “Two dimensional atomically thin MoS2 nanosheets and their
sensing applications ” Huang et al. Nanoscale 2015

15 Oct

Reducing contact resistance in WS2


Writing in Applied Materials & Interfaces  scientists from the Sejong University, Seoul report their technique in reducing contact resistance in tungsten disulfide (WS2) field-effect transistors with standard Cr/Au contacts. Although there are several techniques to do this (e.g. using scandium, or phase-engineering) this technique is noted for being particularly straightforward.

The technique relies on dipping the samples in 0.01M aqueous solutions of LiF (lithium fluoride) and baking the sample briefly at 80°C before drying under nitrogen. The technique reduces the contact resistance in WS2 by a least an order of magnitude and introduces n-doping to the sample.

Further reading:

1. “Highly Stable and Tunable Chemical Doping of Multilayer WS2 Field Effect Transistor: Reduction in Contact Resistance”  Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015.

2. Recent papers on WS2.

3. (Sponsored)  Buy WS2 crystals. USD$449 with free worldwide delivery.

10 Oct

Researchers find easy way to enhance photoluminescence in MoS2

Writing in RSC Advances, a team from  Hangzhou Dianzi University led by Weitao Su demonstrates a fast and easy way in order to improve the photoluminescence yield of monolayer molybdenum disulfide. The methodology begins with the typical micro mechanical exfoliation of atomically thin layers of MoS2, which are subsequently deposited on oxidized silicon substrate. Monolayer are identified through a combination of optical and Raman spectroscopy. The samples are process in order to increase their photoluminescence.

The technique involves coating the substrate and flakes with a layer of hydrogen peroxide  and toluene. This improves the photoluminescence in MoS2 by up to 30x times, a quite remarkable improvement.

Further reading “Tuning Photoluminescence of single-layer MoS2 using H2O2” Su et al, RSC Advances